Type: Chapter

Key challenges in maize breeding in sub-Saharan Africa

Authors

Baffour Bada-Apraku

IITA

M. A. B. Fakorede

Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife

R. O. Akinwale

Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife

Publication date:

09 June 2017

ID: 9781838791032

E-Chapter format

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Description

Development, release and commercialization of improved maize varieties has improved tremendously in the last two or three decades in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Nevertheless, major challenges remain; these are described in this chapter, and strategies by which they may be overcome are proposed. With ample reference to the western, central, eastern and southern African sub-regions, the chapter describes the state of research facilities and human resources in SSA, before discussing how Africa may explore the use of broad-based germplasm resources, successfully to overcome the challenges of hybrid development, apply newly available plant breeding techniques and take advantage of participatory plant breeding research to be self-sufficient in maize production on a sustainable basis.

Table of contents

1 Introduction
2 Research facilities
3 Human resources
4 Use of tropical germplasm for maize improvement
5 Heterosis, heterotic grouping and identification of testers in maize germplasm
6 Application of new plant breeding techniques
7 Participatory plant breeding
8 Conclusion and future trends
9 Where to look for further information
10 References