Type: Chapter

Optimizing livestock farming in urban agriculture


Delia Grace

International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)

Elizabeth Cook

International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)

Johanna Lindahl

International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)

Publication date:

17 February 2020

ID: 9781786766434

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This chapter summarizes the importance of urbanization and how this increases the consumption of livestock products (LP). This increased demand, alongside infrastructure challenges making transporting and storing LP challenging, encourages urban livestock, close to the final consumer. While data on urban livestock keeping is limited, substantive evidence indicates that large numbers of livestock are kept, and that many processing and retailing activities occur in cities. Key issues for urban livestock keeping are related to human health, nutrition, environment, economy and ethics, and while it has many benefits, it is also implicated in significant problems. The chapter describes these in depth, with reviews of key research. The importance of research in optimizing urban livestock systems is demonstrated by a case study from Nairobi. The chapter concludes with a section on how research can contribute to enhanced, sustainable livestock keeping in cities, followed by a guide to finding additional information and references.

Table of contents

1 Introduction
2 Key issues for urban livestock farming
3 Health impacts of urban livestock farming
4 Human nutrition impacts of urban livestock farming
5 Economic impacts of urban livestock farming
6 Environmental impacts of urban livestock farming
7 Other effects of urban livestock farming: social, political, legal and ethical effects
8 Case study: The Urban Zoo project 2012–2017
9 Future trends
10 Conclusion
11 Where to look for further information
12 References