Type: Chapter

Global coffee production and sustainability

Author Carlos H. J. Brando

P&A Marketing (Brazil)

Publication date:

03 October 2022

ID: 9781801465878

E-Chapter format

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This chapter discusses trends in coffee production, particularly factors affecting the low share of global revenue received by smallholders responsible for a large share of production. This situation has profound consequences for the economic and environmental sustainability of smallholder coffee production and therefore the sector as a whole. To provide a context to how best to address the problem, the chapter reviews key market developments such as the degree of concentration, developments in specialty, differentiated, Arabica and Robusta coffees. These provide opportunities for creating an enabling environment to support smallholders. The chapter discusses the example of Brazil as well as ongoing issues in improving livelihoods for smallholders in creating a more sustainable coffee sector.

Table of contents

1 Introduction
2 Coffee farmer incomes and sustainability
3 Concentration and diversity in global coffee production
4 Specialty and differentiated coffees
5 Trends in Arabica and Robusta coffees
6 Creating an enabling environment to make coffee farming more sustainable
7 The case of Brazil in improving coffee grower incomes
8 Farm size, income and sustainability
9 Conclusion
10 Where to look for further information
11 References