Type: Chapter

Alternative sources of protein for poultry nutrition

Authors

Paul A. Iji

University of New England

Mehdi Toghyani

University of New England

Emmanuel U. Ahiwe

University of New England

Apeh A. Omede

University of New England

Publication date:

14 February 2017

ID: 9781838792152

E-Chapter format

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Description

Soya bean and canola meal are the conventional ingredients used to provide protein in poultry feed. However, they are relatively expensive and must be imported to many poultry-producing areas. Developing alternative protein sources for poultry nutrition will reduce the pressure on these key protein sources, as well as promote the development and sustainability of the poultry industry. In this chapter, we first review the supply of conventional protein sources for poultry, and then consider the range of alternative protein sources that might be developed, including grain by-products, oil seed and fruit by-products, pulses, algae, duckweed and certain animal protein sources. We consider how birds respond to diets containing alternative protein sources, and provide recommendations for improving the nutritive value of these alternative sources.

Table of contents

1 Introduction
2 Regional supply of conventional protein sources
3 Finding alternative sources of protein for poultry
4 Alternative plant protein sources: grain by-products
5 Alternative plant protein sources: oil seed and fruit by-products
6 Alternative plant protein sources: grain legumes or pulses
7 Alternative plant protein sources: algae and duckweed
8 Alternative animal protein sources
9 Poultry responses to diets containing alternative protein sources
10 Constraints on the use of alternative protein sources
11 Improving the nutritive value of alternative protein sources for poultry
12 Conclusion
13 Where to look for further information
14 References