Type: Chapter

Ensuring the genetic diversity of sorghum

Authors

Hari Upadhyaya

ICRISAT

Mani Vetriventhan

ICRISAT

Publication date:

04 July 2018

ID: 9781838795320

E-Chapter format

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Description

Sorghum is a staple food crop for millions of the poorest and most food-insecure people in the semi-arid tropics, and ensuring its diversity and conservation is therefore important for global food and nutritional security. This chapter discusses the taxonomy of sorghum, in situ and ex situ germplasm conservation and diversity, the factors shaping sorghum diversity, geographical distribution of sorghum germplasm, germplasm gap analysis, and the use of cultivated and wild genepool of sorghum to enhance crop yields and broaden the genetic base of sorghum cultivars.

Table of contents

1 Introduction
2 Origin, domestication and taxonomy of sorghum
3 Sorghum germplasm conservation and diversity
4 Factors shaping sorghum diversity
5 Geographical distribution of sorghum germplasm
6 Germplasm gap analysis of sorghum
7 Ensuring diversity in sorghum
8 Future trends and conclusion
9 Where to look for further information
10 References