Type: Chapter

Integrated crop/livestock systems with agroforestry to improve organic animal farming

Authors

Alfredo J. Escribano

NOREL animal Nutrition

J. Ryschawy

INRA

Lindsay K. Whistance

The Organic Research Centre, UK

Publication date:

26 February 2019

ID: 9781838796747

E-Chapter format

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Description

The International Federation of Organic Movements (IFOAM) has established four fundamental principles which underpin organic farming. One way of achieving these principles is the use of integrated crop-livestock systems, which is very common for well-balanced organic systems with animals. This chapter reviews types of such systems, with a focus on agroforestry systems, their potential environmental and economic benefits, their contributions to animal health and welfare, as well as challenges in implementing and managing such systems whilst ensuring a high animal health and welfare level.

Table of contents

1 Introduction
2 Types of ICLS
3 Environmental and economic benefits of ICLS
4 Agroforestry as an ICLS
5 Animals in agroforestry systems
6 Trees as a source of nutrition and medicine
7 Challenges in integrated livestock and forestry systems
8 Conclusion
9 Where to look for further information
10 References