Type: Chapter

Assessing socio-economic impacts of agriculture

Author Bo P. Weidema

Aalborg University

Publication date:

26 August 2019

ID: 9781838798734

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Economic assessments remain the dominating form of socio-economic assessment in agriculture; yet practical implementation often suffers from severe limitations. However, much of the early criticism has slowly been adopted and integrated in the form of significant improvements in the consistency and completeness of the economic assessment techniques. What remains is a better integration with the qualitative understandings developed in the social impact assessment community. This chapter is dedicated to impacts that are related to social and economic pressures, such as underpayment of labour, illegitimate resource acquisition and control, and inadequate work conditions. The author describes the development and state of the art of cost–benefit assessment and social impact assessment in agriculture (Sections 2–6) and their integration into models and tools with an economy-wide supply chain perspective (Section 7). Socio-economic impacts of agricultural development are covered in Sections 8–11. The final section considers the role of certification and fair-trade schemes.

Table of contents

1 Introduction
2 Cost–benefit analysis and assessment in agriculture
3 Social impact assessment
4 Sustainable livelihoods and the concept of capitals
5 Applications of the capitals concept, critique, and a way beyond
6 Valuation of impacts
7 The product life cycle perspective
8 Socio-economic impacts of agricultural development
9 Inequality
10 Land tenure, ownership, rents, and taxation
11 Food prices and price instability
12 Certification and fair-trade schemes
13 Where to look for further information
14 References