Type: Book

Instant Insights: Heat stress in dairy cattle


Dr Thuy T. T. Nguyen



Publication date:

08 December 2020

Length of book:

92 pages

ISBN-13: 9781786769336

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This specially curated collection features four reviews of current and key research on heat stress in dairy cattle.

The first chapter outlines technologies to breed for more heat tolerant dairy cattle, exploiting either between or within breed genetic variation in the trait. It discusses future perspectives on the use of different tools to achieve accelerated improvements of this important trait.

The second chapter discusses breeding goals and multi-trait selection to balance production and non-production traits. It considers newer breeding objectives such as ensuring that cattle can adapt to a changing climate, including breeding for heat tolerance.

The third chapter reviews challenges facing smallholder dairy farmers in Asia. These include the impact of high temperatures and humidity on milk yield, reproductive efficiency and animal health. The chapter places these challenges in the context of the broader economic constraints faced by smallholders and how they can be overcome.

The final chapter highlights constraints in improving smallholder dairy production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Issues include developing breeds balancing yield with resilience to local climatic conditions. The chapter reviews ways of Improving breeding and productivity, as well as broader organisational support

Table of contents

Chapter 1 - Advances in dairy cattle breeding to improve heat tolerance: Thuy T. T. Nguyen, Agriculture Victoria, Australia;
1 Introduction
2 Utilisation of tropically adapted breeds for cross-breeding
3 Selection for heat-tolerant dairy cattle
4 Future perspectives on breeding for heat tolerance
5 Conclusion
6 Acknowledgements
7 Where to look for further information
8 References

Chapter 2 - Genetic selection for dairy cow welfare and resilience to climate change: Jennie E. Pryce, Agriculture Victoria and La Trobe University, Australia; and Yvette de Haas, Wageningen UR, The Netherlands;
1 Introduction
2 Selection indices
3 Selection for milk production, energy balance and fertility
4 New breeding objectives: health traits
5 New breeding objectives: dairy cows and climate change
6 Genomic selection, inbreeding and gene editing
7 Summary
8 Where to look for further information
9 Acknowledgements
10 References

Chapter 3 - Improving smallholder dairy farming in tropical Asia: John Moran, Profitable Dairy Systems, Australia;
1 Introduction
2 Dairy farming in Asia
3 Supporting smallholder dairy farmers
4 Key constraints facing smallholder dairy farmers in tropical Asia
5 Benchmarking performance
6 Case study: cow colonies
7 Summary and future trends
8 Where to look for further information
9 References and further reading

Chapter 4 - Improving smallholder dairy farming in Africa: J. M. K. Ojango, R. Mrode, A. M. Okeyo, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya; J. E. O. Rege, Emerge-Africa, Kenya; M. G. G. Chagunda, Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC), UK; and D. R. Kugonza, Makerere University, Uganda;
1 Introduction
2 Sub-Saharan Africa
3 Management practices in smallholder dairy systems
4 Improving dairy production via breeding under smallholder systems
5 Improving productivity in smallholder dairy systems
6 Key organizations supporting smallholders
7 Future trends
8 Where to look for further information
9 Acknowledgements
10 References