Understanding and fostering soil carbon sequestration
Dr Cornelia Rumpel is Director of Research in the Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences at the French National Research Center (CNRS) located at Sorbonne University, where she leads a team investigating the fate of organic matter in natural and managed terrestrial ecosystems, including the mechanisms determining soil organic carbon sequestration. Her work deals with temperate and tropical environments and has contributed to the change of several paradigms in this important area. She is also working with industry and at the science policy interphase providing expertise in the areas of land management and climate change.
Soils are known to be an enormous reservoir of carbon and represent an important and dynamic part of the global carbon cycle. However, this reservoir is under constant threat due to a combination of issues, including mismanagement, climate change and intensive agricultural production which has led to depletion of soil organic carbon.
Understanding and fostering soil carbon sequestration reviews the wealth of research on important aspects of soil carbon sequestration, including its potential in mitigating and adapting to climate change and improving global food security. The collection explores our understanding of carbon sequestration in soils, detailing the mechanisms and abiotic factors that can affect the process, as well as the socioeconomic, legal and policy issues that can arise as a result of this use.
In its extensive exploration of soil carbon cycling and capture, the book highlights how an informed understanding of carbon sequestration in a variety of soil types can contribute to achieving a more sustainable agriculture, as well as the methods which can be implemented by farmers to optimise the process of fostering carbon in soils.
Highlights the increasing role of soils as an important and dynamic part of the global carbon cycle and their potential role in counteracting increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations
Explores key aspects of soil carbon sequestration in different environments and soil types
Provides a comprehensive review of socioeconomic, legal and policy issues surrounding the adoption of soil carbon sequestration practices across the globe
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What others are saying...
"This is a timely and important summary of the ‘state-of-the-art’ understanding of soil carbon cycling led by an eminent editor with contributions from globally-respected leaders in the scientific fields of soil carbon, chemistry, biology and physics, monitoring and mapping across natural and managed rural and urban global ecosystems. It promises to provide a ‘go to’ contemporary reference for stakeholders who need scientific evidence to support decision-making about soil management." Professor Jennifer Dungait, University of Exeter & Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC), UK; Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Soil Science and previous Chair of the international Symposium on Soil Organic Matter (SOM2017)
"Soils contain one of planet Earth's largest reservoirs of carbon. With a changing climate, it has never been more important to maintain and enhance the sequestration of soil carbon. This comprehensive book covers a range of topics on carbon sequestration including mechanisms, measurements, modeling, management and policy strategies. The book will be an invaluable resource for scientists, students, and policymakers. I highly recommend it." Donald L. Sparks, S. Hallock du Pont Chair in Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, USA
“At a time when soil health, its understanding and monitoring are of primary importance for the future of agriculture, the fight against climate change and biodiversity erosion, as well as for global health, understanding and increasing carbon sequestration in soils has become crucial. This book provides important answers from leading scientists on the subject and its different aspects under the leadership of Cornelia Rumpel who was for 4 years the Chair of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the International Initiative "4 per 1000". We can only recommend reading it.”(Dr Paul Luu, Executive Secretary of "4 per 1000" International Initiative)
Table of contents
1.Introduction: soil carbon sequestration – a process linking soils to humanity: C. Rumpel, CNRS, Sorbonne University, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences Paris, France;
Part 1 Understanding carbon sequestration in soils 2.Mechanisms of soil organic carbon sequestration and implications for management: Ingrid Kögel-Knabner, Chair of Soil Science, TUM School of Life Sciences and Institute for Advanced Study, Technical University of Munich, Germany; Martin Wiesmeier, TUM School of Life Sciences, Technical University of Munich and Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture, Institute for Organic Farming, Soil and Resource Management, Germany; and Stefanie Mayer, Chair of Soil Science, TUM School of Life Sciences, Germany; 3.Plant influences on soil organic carbon dynamics: Xiaojuan Feng, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and College of Resources and Environment, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; 4.Biological basis of soil organic carbon sequestration: a complex set of interactive processes: Patrick Lavelle, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences Paris, Sorbonne University, France; 5.Understanding soil organic carbon dynamics at larger scales: Sebastian Doetterl, ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Rose Abramoff, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA; Jean-Thomas Cornelis, University of British Columbia, Canada; Aline Frossard, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, Switzerland; Peter Fiener, Institute of Geography, Augsburg University, Germany; Gina Garland, ETH Zurich and Soil Quality and Use Group, Agroscope, Switzerland; Michael Kaiser, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA; Moritz Laub, ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Sophie Opfergelt, Earth and Life Institute, UCLouvain, Belgium; Marijn Van de Broek and Sarah van den Broek, ETH Zurich, Switzerland; and Sophie F. von Fromm, ETH Zurich, Switzerland and Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany; 6.Benefits and trade-offs of soil organic carbon sequestration: C. Rumpel, CNRS, Sorbonne University, Institute for Ecology and Environmental Sciences Paris, France; B. Henry, Queensland University of Technology, Australia; C. Chenu, AgroParisTech, UMR Ecosys INRA, AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Saclay, France; and F. Amiraslani, Ulster University, UK; 7.Soil inorganic carbon: stocks, functions, losses and their consequences: Kazem Zamanian, University of Hannover, Germany and Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China; and Yakov Kuzyakov, University of Göttingen, Germany and RUDN University, Russia; 8.Soil organic carbon sequestration and climate change: M. Sanaullah and T. Afzal, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan; T. Shahzad, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan; and A. Wakeel, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan; 9.Innovative agriculture management to foster soil organic carbon sequestration: María de la Luz Mora, Jorge Medina, Patricia Poblete-Grant, Rolando Demanet, Paola Durán, Patricio Barra, Cecilia Paredes and Marcela Calabi-Floody, Universidad de La Frontera, Chile;
Part 2 Measuring carbon sequestration in soils 10.Measuring and monitoring soil carbon sequestration: Matthias Kuhnert, Sylvia H. Vetter and Pete Smith, Institute of Biological & Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, UK; 11.Advances in measuring soil organic carbon stocks and dynamics at the profile scale: Christopher Poeplau, Thünen Institute of Climate-Smart Agriculture, Germany; and Edward Gregorich, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada; 12.Advances in digital soil mapping to assess baseline levels and carbon sequestration at the landscape scale: Amin Sharififar, University of Tehran, Iran; and Budiman Minasny, The University of Sydney, Australia; 13.Modeling soil organic carbon dynamics, carbon sequestration and the climate benefit of sequestration: Carlos A. Sierra, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden; and Susan E. Crow, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, USA; 14.Digital tools for assessing soil organic carbon at farm and regional scale: M. J. Aitkenhead, The James Hutton Institute, UK;
Part 3 Fostering carbon sequestration in soils 15.Promoting carbon sequestration in soils: the importance of soil, region and context-specific interventions: Rattan Lal, CFAES Rattan Lal Center for Carbon Management and Sequestration, The Ohio State University, USA; 16.Agriculture practices to improve soil carbon storage in upland soil: Thomas Kätterer and Martin A. Bolinder, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden; 17.Agricultural practices to improve soil carbon sequestration in rice paddy soils: Hyeon Ji Song and Pil Joo Kim, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea; 18.Managing grasslands to optimize soil carbon sequestration: A. Chabbi, Institute National de Recherche Agronomique et Environnement (INRAE) – Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Prairies et Plantes Fourragères (UR P3F), France; C. Rumpel, CNRS, Sorbonne University, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences Paris, France; K. Klumpp, INRAE – VetAgro Sup, UMR 874 Ecosystème Prairial, France; and A. J. Franzluebbers, USDA-ARS, USA; 19.Optimizing forest management for soil carbon sequestration: Andreas Schindlbacher, Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape (BFW), Austria; Mathias Mayer, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland and University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Austria; Robert Jandl, Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape (BFW), Austria; and Stephan Zimmermann and Frank Hagedorn, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland; 20.The contribution of agroforestry systems to improving soil carbon sequestration: Lydie-Stella Koutika, Research Centre on the Durability and the Productivity of Industrial Plantations (CRDPI), Republic of the Congo; Nicolas Marron, UMR 1434 Silva, INRAE Grand-Est Nancy, Université de Lorraine, AgroParisTech 54000 Nancy, France; and Rémi Cardinael, AIDA, University of Montpellier, CIRAD, Montpellier, France, CIRAD, UPR AIDA, Harare and University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe; 21.Management of organic soils to reduce soil organic carbon losses: Sonja Paul and Jens Leifeld, Agroscope, Switzerland; 22.Fostering carbon sequestration in humid tropical and subtropical soils: Deborah Pinheiro Dick and Cimélio Bayer, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; and Jeferson Dieckow, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil; 23.Management of carbonate-rich soils and trade-offs with soil inorganic carbon cycling: Iñigo Virto, Isabel de Soto and Rodrigo Antón, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain; and Rosa M. Poch, Universitat de Lleida, Spain; 24.Management of soil carbon sequestration in urban areas: C. Rumpel, CNRS, Sorbonne University, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences Paris, France; F. Amiraslani, Ulster University, UK; J.-C. Lata, Sorbonne University, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences Paris, France; C. Marques-dos-Santos Cordovil, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal; E. Nartey, University of Ghana, Ghana; C. Staudhammer, The University of Alabama, USA; and E. Yeboah, CSIR – Soil Research Institute, Ghana;
Part 4 Socioeconomic, legal and policy issues 25.Soil organic carbon on the political agenda: Luca Montanarella, European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Italy; 26.Creating frameworks to foster soil carbon sequestration: Beverley Henry, Queensland University of Technology, Australia; Ram Dalal, The University of Queensland, Australia; Matthew Tom Harrison, University of Tasmania, Australia; and Brian Keating, The University of Queensland, Australia; 27.Economic considerations for the development of a carbon farming scheme: Siân Mooney and Kathryn Janoski, O’Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, USA; 28.Understanding the value of and reasoning behind farmer adoption of carbon centric practices: Michelle M. Wander and Carmen M. Ugarte, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA; 29.Legal issues of implementing soil organic carbon sequestration as negative emission technology: Alexandra Langlais-Hesse, CNRS-Université de Rennes, France;