It is widely recognised that photosynthesis in many important crops is well below its theoretical potential.
With crop yields and stability under threat from the impact of climate change, there is now an urgent need to synthesise existing research on best practices for improving C3 photosynthesis in crops to optimise sustainable crop production and yields.Understanding and improving crop photosynthesis
reviews the wealth of current research that addresses this challenge. The book explores our understanding of the general components of C3 photosynthesis, including its biochemistry, as well as the recent advances in techniques for improving photosynthesis, focussing primarily on light harvesting and optimising chloroplast function/light conversion.
Through providing its readers with a comprehensive exploration of crop photosynthesis, the book showcases how farmers can utilise their understanding of the science behind this key process to optimise their yields and achieve successful crop production.
- Provides a comprehensive review of the wealth of research which addresses how to sustainably achieve higher yields through improving the rate of C₃ photosynthesis in crops
- Assesses current practices implemented to optimise photosynthesis in crops, including the modification of crop elements such as leaf/canopy architecture
- Explores our understanding of the biophysics, biochemistry and genetics of C₃ photosynthesis in crops and how this can be used to improve photosynthesis in C4 and C₃ crops
Table of contents
Part 1 General
1.Understanding the biochemistry of C₃ photosynthesis in crop plants: Christine Raines, University of Essex, UK;
2.Understanding the genetics of C₃ photosynthesis in crop plants: Nelson Saibo, ITQB-New University of Lisbon, Portugal;
Part 2 Improving photosynthesis: light harvesting
3.Understanding the relationship between photosynthesis and the circadian clock in plants: Matt Jones, University of Glasgow, UK;
4.Modifying the photosystem antenna complex to improve light harvesting for photosynthesis in crops: Min Chen, University of Sydney, Australia;
5.Relaxing non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) to improve photosynthesis in crops: Johannes Kromdijk, University of Cambridge, UK and Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA; and Julia Walter, University of Cambridge, UK;
6.Modifying mesophyll conductance to optimise photosynthesis in crops: Tory Clarke, Australian National University, Australia;
7.Modifying leaf/canopy architecture to optimise photosynthesis in crops: Elizabeth Ainsworth, University of Illinois, USA;
Part 3 Improving photosynthesis: optimising chloroplast function/light conversion
8.Modifying photorespiration to optimise photosynthesis in crops: Berkley Walker, Michigan State University, USA;
9.Maximising the efficiency of RuBP (ribulose biphosphate) regeneration to optimise photosynthesis in crops: Thomas Sharkey, Michigan State University, USA;
10.Understanding and modifying protein function in plant chloroplasts to optimise photosynthesis: James Moroney, Louisiana State University, USA;