Type: Book

Instant Insights: Pre- and probiotics in poultry production


Professor Guillermo Tellez



Publication date:

14 September 2021

Length of book:

100 pages

ISBN-13: 9781801462198

Paperback - £37.99
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This collection features three peer-reviewed literature reviews on pre- and probiotics in poultry production.

The first chapter summarises the safety and efficacy of individual monocultures for prophylactic and/or therapeutic efficacy against Salmonella infections in poultry under both laboratory and field conditions. The chapter also considers the development of novel, cost-effective, feed-stable, direct-fed microbials with potential for widespread utilisation and improved production, delivery and clinical efficacy for animal use.

The second chapter discusses the establishment of prebiotics as a series of feed compounds that serve as specific substrates for gastrointestinal tract (GIT) bacteria. The chapter reviews the impact of prebiotics on bird health, GIT function, and prevention of foodborne pathogen GIT colonization. Particular attention is drawn on the impact of prebiotics on the avian intestinal microbiome, cecal microbiome and the avian upper GIT.

The final chapter considers current concerns surrounding the application of probiotics in poultry production, primarily due to mixed experiences of their effectiveness and lack of knowledge regarding the scientific basis for their modes of action. In contrast, prebiotics have been readily accepted by the sector. This chapter summarises recent research on the effects of both types of treatment, their possible modes of action, as well as the strengths and limitations of their use.

Table of contents

Chapter 1 - The role of probiotics in optimizing gut function in poultry: Guillermo Tellez and Juan D. Latorre, University of Arkansas, USA; Margarita A. Arreguin-Nava, Eco-Bio LLC, USA; and Billy M. Hargis, University of Arkansas, USA;
1 Introduction
2 Experiences of probiotics in poultry
3 Probiotics and inflammation
4 Risks of overuse of antibiotics
5 The use of direct-fed microbials
6 Conclusion
7 Where to look for further information
8 References

Chapter 2 - Role of prebiotics in poultry gastrointestinal tract health, function, and microbiome composition: Steven C. Ricke, University of Arkansas, USA;
1 Introduction
2 Prebiotics: definition
3 The avian upper GIT: potential impact of prebiotics
4 The avian intestinal microbiome, function, and prebiotics
5 Cecal composition and functional characteristics
6 Cecal microbiome: general characteristics
7 Cecal microbiome and prebiotics: current perspectives and future prospects
8 Summary and conclusions
9 Where to look for further information
10 References

Chapter 3 - Probiotics, prebiotics and other feed additives to improve gut function and immunity in poultry: Robert Moore, RMIT University, Australia;
1 Introduction
2 Prebiotics
3 The efficacy of probiotics
4 Effects of probiotics and prebiotics
5 Selection, delivery and action of probiotic bacteria
6 Questions and opportunities regarding the use of probiotics
7 New frontiers and future research directions in probiotic development
8 Where to look for further information
9 References