Type: Book

Instant Insights: Conservation tillage in agriculture


Dr Maike Krauss



Publication date:

14 December 2021

Length of book:

118 pages

ISBN-13: 9781801462808

Paperback - £37.99
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This collection features five peer-reviewed literature reviews on conservation tillage in agriculture.

The first chapter reviews types of tillage and soil disturbance and how different soil management techniques affect the cropping cycle. The chapter also discusses how soil disturbance can be minimised during key farming operations.

The second chapter describes the principles of Conservation Agriculture (CA), looking primarily at soil management. It also examines the key concepts of no-tillage agriculture, as well as the environmental and economic benefits these techniques offer.

The third chapter discusses the role of conservation tillage in organic farming, reviewing over 20 years of practical, on-farm research. It outlines the main benefits associated with conservation tillage, whilst also considering the challenges that arise with its implementation and how these can be addressed.

The fourth chapter explores the emergence of conservation tillage (CT) as an innovation to address stagnant wheat yields in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia. The chapter explores the benefits of CT for soil health and crop yields, and highlights current obstacles facing region-wide adoption of CT.

The final chapter reviews the advantages of zero-till maize cultivation, including reduced soil erosion and nutrient losses. It also summarises best management practices to optimise zero-till maize systems.

Table of contents

Chapter 1 - Conservation tillage in organic farming: Maike Krauss and Paul Mäder, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Switzerland; Joséphine Peigné, ISARA-Lyon, France; and Julia Cooper, Newcastle University, UK;
1 Introduction
2 Main benefits of conservation tillage
3 Main challenges of conservation tillage
4 Future trends
5 Conclusion
6 Where to look for further information
7 References

Chapter 2 - The role of no or minimum mechanical soil disturbance in Conservation Agriculture systems: Theodor Friedrich, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Italy;
1 Introduction
2 Effects of soil tillage and tillage implements on the soil
3 Minimizing soil disturbance in farming
4 Conclusion
5 Where to look for further information
6 References

Chapter 3 - Soil management practices and benefits in Conservation Agriculture systems: Michele Pisante, University of Teramo, Italy; Angelica Galieni, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics and Research Centre for Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, Italy; Gottlieb Basch, University of Évora, Portugal; Theodor Friedrich, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Italy; and Fabio Stagnari, University of Teramo, Italy;
1 Introduction
2 The principles of CA
3 Environmental benefits and ecosystem services
4 Economic benefits
5 Future trends
6 Conclusion
7 Where to look for further information
8 References

Chapter 4 - Zero-tillage cultivation of maize: Wade E. Thomason, Bee Khim Chim and Mark S. Reiter, Virginia Tech University, USA;
1 Introduction
2 History of zero-tillage maize cultivation
3 Advantages of zero-tillage maize production: reduced soil erosion
4 Advantages of zero-tillage maize production: reduced nutrient losses
5 Advantages of zero-tillage maize production: water infiltration and use, economics and soil organic matter
6 Potential disadvantages of zero-tillage maize production
7 Success with zero-tillage maize production
8 The future of zero-tillage maize production
9 Where to look for further information
10 References

Chapter 5 - Conservation tillage for sustainable wheat intensification: the example of South Asia: Vijesh Krishna, Georg-August University of Göttingen, Germany; Alwin Keil, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), India; Sreejith Aravindakshan, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; and Mukesh Meena, Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, India;
1 Introduction
2 Factors affecting the diffusion of CT wheat in South Asia
3 Recent evidence of the agronomic and economic impacts of CT wheat in South Asia
4 Constraints to the diffusion of CT practices in wheat in South Asia
5 Recent developments in CT wheat
6 Concluding remarks
7 Where to look for further information
8 Acknowledgements
9 References