Type: Book

Improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop production


Professor Jagdish Kumar Ladha is Adjunct Professor in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of California-Davis, USA and is internationally renowned for his pioneering research on sustainable resource use in agriculture. In addition to numerous awards for his research, he is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Indian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, the Crop Science Society of America, the American Society of Agronomy, and the Soil Science Society of America. Professor Ladha is also co-Editor in Chief of Field Crops Research.



Publication date:

12 March 2024

Length of book:

454 pages

ISBN-13: 9781801464703

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In the last 60 years fertiliser use in agriculture has increased by 900%. However, it’s been reported that up to 80% of these fertilisers are not utilised by crops but are lost to the environment as nitrous oxide, ammonia and nitrate. Improving nitrogen use efficiency is recognised as one possible solution to reducing the sector’s environmental impact and optimising its productivity and sustainability in the face of increasing pressure to feed a growing population.

Improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop production reviews recent advances in understanding nitrogen cycling in soil as well as advances in monitoring nitrogen status and synchronising fertiliser application. The book also considers developments in inorganic fertilisers to improve nitrogen use efficiency, as well as how more organic sources of nitrogen, such as livestock manure, can be optimised to achieve the same goal.

What others are saying...

“Nitrogen is required for food production but most of it is released to the environment where it causes a cascade of negative impacts. This timely book provides an excellent overview of nitrogen use in agriculture and most especially suggestions on how to maximize the benefits of nitrogen while minimizing its detrimental impacts.” James N. Galloway, Sidman P. Poole Professor, Emeritus, University of Virginia, USA

Table of contents

Part 1 Understanding nitrogen cycling in crop production

  • 1.Advances in understanding nitrogen cycling in soil: Samantha Earl-Goulet, Claudia Wagner-Riddle and Laura Van Eerd, University of Guelph, Canada; and Kate Congreves, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
  • 2.The role of ammonium transport proteins in improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop production: Muhammad K. Uddin, Francine Perrine-Walker and Brent N. Kaiser, University of Sydney, Australia
  • 3.Molecular interventions for improving crop nitrogen use efficiency: trends, opportunities and challenges in rice: Dinesh Kumar Jaiswal and Nandula Raghuram, Centre for Sustainable Nitrogen and Nutrient Management, University School of Biotechnology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, India
  • 4.Improving the effective use of nitrogen on major field crops across the globe: a new paradigm: Ignacio A. Ciampitti, Kansas State University, USA; and Gilles Lemaire, Honorary Director of Research – INRAE-Lusignan, France

Part 2 Monitoring and optimising nitrogen use

  • 5.Developments in proximal sensors to detect crop nitrogen status: Brenda S. Tubana and Daniel Forestieri, Louisiana State University, USA
  • 6.Synchronizing nitrogen fertilizer application to crop nitrogen needs: Bijay-Singh, Punjab Agricultural University, India; R. J. Buresh, Independent Researcher, Mankato, USA; and S. Peng, Huazhong Agricultural University, China
  • 7.Developments in the use of enhanced efficiency nitrogen fertilizers: Shu Kee Lam, Baobao Pan, Xia Liang, Arvin R. Mosier and Deli Chen, The University of Melbourne, Australia
  • 8.Banding nitrogen fertilisers and the implications for enhanced efficiency fertiliser technology: Chelsea K. Janke, The University of Queensland, Australia; Cristina Martinez, The University of Queensland, Australia and The Grains Research and Development Corporation, Australia; Yash Dang and Michael J. Bell, The University of Queensland, Australia
  • 9.Dynamic models for addressing complexities of nitrogen management in maize production: Harold M. van Es and Jeff Melkonian, Cornell University, USA; and Rebecca Marjerison, Yara North America, USA
  • 10.The economics of nitrogen in farming systems and beyond: David J. Pannell and Asjad Sheikh, University of Western Australia, Australia

Part 3 Organic sources of nitrogen

  • 11.Optimizing livestock manure as a source of nitrogen and other nutrients: Samantha Glaze-Corcoran and Masoud Hashemi, University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
  • 12.Characterizing soil nitrogen availability to improve nitrogen fertilizer recommendations: Alan J. Franzluebbers, USDA – Agricultural Research Service, USA
  • 13.Service crops as a source of nitrogen in temperate Europe: Iris Vogeler, Aarhus University, Denmark and Christian-Albrechts University, Germany; Peter Sørensen and Ingrid K. Thomsen, Aarhus University, Denmark; and Friedhelm Taube, Christian-Albrechts University, Germany
  • 14.The role of crop rotations in optimizing nitrogen use efficiency in organic farming: Lucie Chmelíková and Kurt-Jürgen Hülsbergen, Technical University of Munich, Germany; and Sebastian Wolfrum, Technical University of Munich, Germany, and Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture, Germany