This collection features four peer-reviewed reviews on African swine fever.
The first chapter reviews recent research on the causes and epidemiology of African swine fever (ASF). It discusses the causative agent for ASF, its origins in Africa and its subsequent spread into other regions of the world. The chapter focusses on the distribution of genotype I and II strains of ASF and summarises the clinical indicators of the disease, as well as the different cycles involved in transmission and their dynamics.
The second chapter provides an overview of established practices relating to the types and preparation of samples for analysis, as well as current diagnostic tools. The chapter also considers the emergence of diagnostic techniques which go beyond those already established, including the use of alternative sample matrices, pen-side diagnostics and genomic epidemiology.
The third chapter highlights the surveillance tools currently available for the early detection of the presence of ASF, focussing on the use of clinical, serological and virological surveillance methods. The chapter also reviews the biosecurity measures which can be implemented to prevent its spread, including adequate cleaning and disinfection procedures.
The final chapter discusses recent advances in developing a vaccine for ASF in light of the recent outbreaks which have resulted in the culling of millions of pigs, both domestic and wild. The chapter also highlights current disease management practices used to control and limit outbreaks of the disease.